The Freestyle step is designed so you can execute a series of commands in a container. Select an image to start a container, then you can specify a working directory, and commands. If you do not specify a working directory or commands, the step runs the organic commands specified by the image.

Using complex commands in the untyped step requires use of YAML block scalars.


  title: Step Title
  description: Step description
  image: image/id
  working_directory: ${{step_id}}
    - bash-command1
    - bash-command2
    - arg1
    - arg2
    - key=value
    - cmd
    - arg1
  fail_fast: false
      only: [ master ]


Field Description Required/Optional/Default
title The free-text display name of the step. Optional
description A basic, free-text description of the step. Optional
stage Parent group of this step. See using stages for more information. Optional
image The image from which the executable container is created. It can be an explicit ID of a Docker image, or a variable that references a Build or Push step. Required
working_directory The directory from which the commands are executed. It can be an explicit path in the container’s file system, or a variable that references another step. The default working_directory is the cloned repository directory and not the working directory specified by the image. If you need to use the default working directory of the image use IMAGE_WORK_DIR. Default
commands One or more commands to execute in a shell in the container, as array of strings. Optional
cmd docker CMD arguments to use along with the container entrypoint. can be string or array of strings. Optional
entry_point override the default container entrypoint. can be string or array of strings. Optional
environment A set of environment variables for the container. Optional
fail_fast If a step fails, and the process is halted. The default value is true. Default
when Define a set of conditions that need to be satisfied in order to execute this step. You can find more information in the Conditional Execution of Steps article. Optional
on_success, on_fail and on_finish Define operations to perform upon step completion using a set of predefined Post-Step Operations. Optional
retry Define retry behavior as described in Retrying a step. Optional

Exported resources:

  • Working Directory.

Entry point

When using the original container entrypoint, you can use the cmd field to specify additional agruments to be used with the entrypoint. This can be a string, or an array of strings. For example:

image: mwendler/cowsay
  - "Hello"

is equivalent to running docker run mwendler/cowsay Hello which is equivalent to running cowsay Hello inside the container.

You can override the container’s default entrypoint using the entry_point field. This can be a string, or an array of strings. For example:

image: mwendler/cowsay
     - echo
     - Hello 


When you use the commands field, it will override the container original entrypoint and will execute the commands in a shell inside the container.
The provided commands are concatenated into a single command using the shell’s ; operator, and are run using the default shell /bin/sh as an entry point.
Additional settings that are set only when using commands are set -e, and the cf_export utility.

Commands and Entry point

If you want to retain the original entrypoint, do not use the commands field.

However, this example:

image: mwendler/cowsay
  - "Hello"

will cause and error because the engine will attempt to run the command Hello in a shell inside the container, and the command Hello is not a valid command.
In order to use the commands form with an entrypoint enabled container, you can add the commands from the entrypoint to the list of commands, like so:

image: mwendler/cowsay
  - cowsay "Hello"